This Week in DKE History January 19th - January 25th

January 19, 1915

Richard Irvine Manning III (Eta-University of Virginia) takes office as the 92nd Governor of South Carolina.  Brother Manning served in that capacity until 1919.  He also served in the South Carolina House of Representatives (1892-1896) and the South Carolina Senate (1898-1906).  During his first term, South Carolina prohibited alcohol, established the State’s first compulsory education law, and raised the minimum age for employment to 14.  Brother Manning was the grandson of Richard Irvine Manning who was the Governor of South Carolina from 1824 to 1826.

January 19, 1952

We salute the considerable contributions to the education of the deaf by John Dutton Wright (Sigma-Amherst College) who died this day at age 86.  Brother Wright founded the Wright Oral School for the Deaf in New York City in 1892 and developed a correspondence curriculum for parents of deaf children after moving to Santa Barbara, California in 1919.  In 1920, Brother Wright began a series of travels around the world visiting schools for the deaf.  Brother Wright helped influence the creation of the first oral school for the deaf in Japan.  The picture shows Brother Wright with his wife and two children in 1921 when they visited India.  In 1894, Helen Keller and Anne Sullivan moved to New York to attend the Wright-Humason School for the Deaf.  A number of articles by Brother Wright featured the education of Helen Keller.

January 19, 1963

David L. Luke III (Phi-Yale University) is named as the Chairman of the Board of MeadWestvaco Inc.  Brother Luke served in that capacity until 1996.  MeadWestvaco is a maker of papers and envelopes, consumer industrial packaging and specialty chemicals that are byproducts of the paper production process.  The company is based in Richmond, Virginia and has approximately 23,000 employees.  Its revenue in 2008 was approximately $6.6 billion. Brother Luke was a former director of the New York Stock Exchange and was Chairman (1992 to 1998, of the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, a scientific research institution on New York’s Long Island. Brother Luke was a long time Chair of the Hotchkiss School. Brother Luke died on December 13, 2014 at age 91.

January 19, 1980

We pay tribute to the coaching career and immeasurable contributions to football of Dana X. Bible (Iota-Centre College) who died this day at age 89.  Brother Bible served as the head football coach at Mississippi College (1913-1915), Louisiana State University (1916), Texas A&M University (1917, 1919-1928), University of Nebraska (1929-1936) and the University of Texas (1937-1946).  In his college football coaching career, Brother Bible compiled a record of 198-72-23.  While at Texas A&M, Brother Bible also coached baseball and basketball.  The 1919 Texas A&M Aggies football team outscored its opposition 275-0 and was named national champion by the National Championship Foundation.  Over his 10 seasons at the University of Texas, Brother Bible won three Southwest Conference  Championships and two out of three appearances in the Cottonbowl Classic.  His teams placed in the final APP poll rankings five times. Along with Frank Leahy of Notre Dame, Brother Bible helped create the T-Formation “Revolution”.  Brother Bible was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1951 and the Longhorn Hall of Honor in 1960.  The Dana X. Bible Academic Centre, located on the 2nd floor of Bellmont Hall in Memorial Stadium at the University of Texas was named in his honor in November 1989.

January 19, 2014

Fourteen “Refounders” of Omega Chi Chapter of the Fraternity were initiated and welcomed into the Delta Kappa Epsilon Brotherhood today.  The  Brothers were part of the pledge class of 2013 and form the nucleus of the revival of the Omega Chi-University of Texas Chapter of the Fraternity.  The initiation was supervised by Doug Lanpher (Gamma-Vanderbilt University), the Executive Director of the Fraternity and Drake Hoffman (Theta Upsilon-Arizona State), the Chapter Consultant of the Fraternity, as well as a number of brothers from the Tau Chi Chapter at Texas A&M.  The 14 new Brothers are:  Atif Nazar Ali, Juan Arriaga Jr, Dickson Ray Barry, Jean Alexander Collado, Hunter Ray Harvey, Kai Yu Huang, Christopher Michael Joseph, Johnathan Ler, Parker James Mallouf, Kyle Russell Patterson, Ryan Andrew Rafols, Javier Ramirez, Dylan Cole Schlemmer, and Kwok Hang Tse.

January 20, 1944

We salute the contributions to the field of psychology made by James McKeen Cattell (Rho-Lafayette College) who died this day at age 84.  Brother Cattell was the first Professor of Psychology in the United States.  Brother Cattell entered Lafayette College at the age of 16 and graduated in four years with the highest honors.  After studying and teaching in Europe, Brother Cattell returned in 1889 to take up the post of Professor of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania.  Brother Cattell moved to Columbia University in 1891 to become the department head of psychology, anthropology and philosophy.  In 1894, Brother Cattell founded the journal, Psychological Review.  In 1894, Brother Cattell founded Popular Science Monthly which later became Popular Science. In 1895, he became the President of the American Psychological Association.  In 1915, Brother Cattell founded and edited Scientific Monthly.  In 1917, Brother Cattell was fired from Columbia University for opposing the conscription policy of the United States during World War I.  The main street in the College Hill neighborhood of Easton, Pennsylvania, the home of Lafayette College, is named in honor of Brother Cattell.

January 20, 1953

James Hagerty (Gamma Beta-Columbia University) was appointed by President Eisenhower as the 10th White House Press Secretary.  Brother Hagerty served in that capacity for the entire administration of President Eisenhower and was the longest-serving Presidential Press Secretary in U.S. history.  Brother Hagerty was featured on the cover of Time Magazine on January 27, 1958. Brother Hagerty was quoted as saying:  “One day I sat thinking, almost in despair; a hand fell on my shoulder and a voice said reassuringly: cheer up, things could get worse.  So I cheered up and, sure enough, things got worse.”

January 20, 1978

The Walter Camp Distinguished American Award is first presented by the Walter Camp Football Foundation.  The Award is made to an individual who has used his or her talents to attain great success in business, private life or public service and who may have accomplished that which no other has done.  The recipient does not have to have participated in football but must understand its lessons of self-denial, cooperation and teamwork, and must be a person of honesty, integrity and dedication.  The recipient must be a leader, an innovator, even a pioneer, who has reached a degree of excellence which distinguishes him or her from contemporaries and who lives within the principles of Walter Camp.  The Award is made to honor Brother Camp (Phi-Yale University) who has been named the Father of American Football.  Past Award recipients include:  Tom Landry (Omega Chi-University of Texas) and Alexander (Ted) Kroll (Phi-Yale University and Phi Chi-Rutgers University).

January 20, 1981

George H.W. Bush (Phi – Yale University) is sworn into office as the Vice-President of the United States by Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, Potter Stewart (Phi-Yale University).  January 20th is an important date in the life of Brother Bush.  Brother Bush was sworn in as Vice President by Brother Stewart on January 21, 1985 and was sworn in as the 41st President of the United States on January 20, 1989.  Dan Quayle (Psi Phi-DePauw University) was sworn in as the 44th Vice President of the United States on January 20, 1989 as well.  This was the first and only time in the history of the United States that the President and the Vice-President were from the same Fraternity.

January 20, 1981

Malcolm Baldrige Jr. (Phi-Yale University) is appointed the 26th United States Secretary of Commerce by President-Elect Ronald Reagan.  Brother Baldrige remained as the United States Secretary of Commerce until his death. Brother Baldrige held the first cabinet-level talks with the Soviet Union in several years which paved the way for increased access for United States firms to the Soviet market.  Brother Baldrige began his career in the manufacturing industry in 1947 as a foundry hand in an iron company in Connecticut, and rose to the presidency of that company by 1960.  Brother Baldrige worked during his boyhood as a ranch hand and earned several awards as a professional team roper in the rodeo circuit.  He was a Professional Rodeo Man of the Year in 1980 and was installed into the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma City in 1999.  Brother Baldrige died on July 25, 1987 in a rodeo accident in California at the age of 64.  His service as Secretary of Commerce was one of the longest in history.  Brother Baldrige was a proponent of quality management as a key to the prosperity and long-term strength of the United States and Congress named Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award the annual award for product quality in his honor. On October 17, 1988, Brother Baldrige was presented posthumously with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Ronald Reagan.  The citation for Brother Baldrige was as follows: 

Cowboy, business executive, political activist, Cabinet Secretary – Mac Baldrige was all of these and more.  To every task and role, he brought the strength of his integrity and the power of his vision.  In serving his country, he became an architect of our international economic policy.  And yet, thought he moved with Presidents, Prime Ministers, and Kings, he was always happiest with the kind the of straight-talking cowboys who elected him to the Cowboy Hall of Fame.  Malcolm Baldrige had uncommon accomplishments and character.  He was a true embodiment of the American spirit.

January 20, 1986

We salute the industrialist Stuyvesant Peabody Jr. (Phi-Yale University) who died this day at age 71. In 1946 on the death of his father, Brother Peabody was elected the President of Peabody Holding Company and Peabody Coal Co., the largest producer and marketer of coal in the United States.  Brother Peabody served in that capacity until 1954 and as Chairman of the Board until February 1955.  The firm was founded in 1883 by his grandfather, Francis Stuyvesant Peabody.  Brother Peabody also was a member of the Boards of Eastern Airlines, Churchill Downs in Kentucky, Lyon and Healey Music in Chicago (now part of CBS), and American National Bank of Chicago.  Brother Peabody also served as racing commissioner for Illinois.

January 20, 1999

James Evans (Iota-Centre College) receives the Isaac Shelby Medallion, the highest honor conferred by the Board of Trustees of Centre College.  Brother Evans became only the 6th person to receive the medallion since its inception at Centre College in 1972.  The Shelby Medallion honors exemplary service to the College and to the larger community.  Brother Evans was the President and Chair of the Seamen’s Bank for Savings in New York City and the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Union Pacific Corporation. Starting in 1961,Brother Evans served as a member of the Board of Trustees of Centre College including serving seven years as Chair.  Brother Evans served as the Chair of the National Recreation Association in 1960, and served on the President’s Advisory Committee on Recreation and Natural Beauty (later the President’s Advisory Committee on Environmental Quality).

January 20, 1999

We salute the publishing career and contributions to society made by Eugene S. Pulliam (Psi Phi-DePauw University) who died this day at age 86.  Brother Pulliam was the Publisher of the Indianapolis Star and Indianapolis News from 1975 until his death.  During his tenure, the Indianapolis Star won two Pulitzer Prizes – one for a series on police corruption (1975) and one for a series on the medical malpractice system in Indiana (1991).  The Eugene S. Pulliam School of Journalism at Butler University was established as a result of a gift from the Pulliam family. Similarly, a gift of $5 million from the family was provided to DePauw on March 21, 2000 “to support and advance DePauw’s strong tradition of graduating men and women who become highly successful and significant journalists”.  In recognition of the gift, the media building on campus built in 1991 was renamed the Eugene S. Pulliam Centre for Contemporary Media. A Eugene S. Pulliam Visiting Professorship in Journalism was also established at DePauw.  The family has also funded to the extent of $5 million the Pulliam Family Great Books Gallery in the “Newseum” in Washington, D.C.  While at DePauw, Brother Pulliam followed his father as editor of the DePauw student newspaper, which his father had founded, and as President of Sigma Delta Chi, which his father had cofounded.

January 20, 2001

Clay Johnson III (Phi-Yale University) is appointed by President George W. Bush (Phi-Yale University) as Deputy Director for Management of the Office of Management and Budget at the White House.  Brother Johnson also served Brother Bush when Brother Bush was the Governor of Texas, with Brother Johnson achieving the rank of Chief of Staff prior to leading the Bush-Cheney Presidential transition team.  Prior to becoming the Deputy Director for Management, Brother Johnson served as the Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel.  Prior to serving Brother Bush in Texas and in the White House, Brother Johnson was the President of Horchow Mail Order and President of Neiman Marcus Mail Order, as well as being the Deputy Director/Chief Operation Officer of the Dallas Museum of Art.

January 20, 2001

George W. Bush (Phi-Yale University) took office as the 43rd President of the United States.

January 21, 1911

James E. Sullivan, Secretary-Treasurer of the Amateur Athletic Union, made a selection of the All-America Athletic Team which included Leland S. Scott (Sigma Rho-Stanford University) an outstanding pole vaulter.  On May 27, 1910, using a bamboo pole, Brother Scott cleared 12 feet.   He was only the 18th man to do so.  On April 30, 1910, Brother Scott broke the world’s record in the pole vault by clearing the bar at 12 feet 10-3/4 inches.

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January 21, 1949

Dean Acheson (Phi-Yale University) is appointed as the 51st United States Secretary of State by President Truman and served in that capacity until 1953.  Brother Acheson played a central role in defining American foreign policy during the Cold War, including helping to design the Marshall Plan and the development of what became known as the Truman Doctrine.  Brother Acheson also helped create the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.  Perhaps the most famous decision made by Brother Acheson was convincing President Truman to intervene in the Korean War in June of 1950.  Brother Acheson also persuaded President Truman to dispatch aid and advisors to French forces in Indochina although, in 1968, Brother Acheson counseled President Johnson to negotiate for peace with North Vietnam.  After retiring as Secretary of State, Brother Acheson served on the Yale Board of Trustees.  In 1955, Brother Acheson was elected as a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.  In 1964, Brother Acheson received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.  In 1970, Brother Acheson won the Pulitzer Prize for History for his memoirs of his tenure in the State Department:  “Present at the Creation:  My Years in the State Department”.  Brother Acheson was featured on a number of covers of Time Magazine.  Brother Acheson was also a graduate of Harvard Law School and, while at Harvard, he roomed with fellow Phi-Yale Deke, Cole Porter.

January 21, 1990

Ken Farrar (Alpha Alpha-Middlebury College) stepped in to try to mediate the dispute between John McEnroe and umpire, Gerry Armstrong, at the 1990 Australian Open.  Brother Farrar was the Grand Slam Chief of Supervisors and, after his presence was requested by Mr. McEnroe, Brother Farrar came to center court, spoke with Mr. McEnroe whose continued complaints and swear words were audible to spectators and television viewers, and then authorized Mr. Armstrong to disqualify Mr. McEnroe.  During the exchange with Brother Farrar, Mr. McEnroe invited Brother Farrar to go and have intercourse with his mother (or words to that effect).  The incident has been described as one of the “ten weirdest moments in tennis history”.  Brother Farrar served as Chief of Supervisors for the Men’s International Professional Tennis Council for much of the 1980s and 1990s.

January 21, 2008

We salute the contributions to finance and diplomacy made by Evan G. Galbraith (Phi-Yale University) who died this day at age 80.  Brother Galbraith spent more than 20 years in Europe as an investment banker as the Managing Director of Dillon Read in London and as a member of the Board of the Groupe Lagardère SA, Paris.  In 1981, Brother Galbraith was appointed by President Reagan as the United States Ambassador to France.  Brother Galbraith also served as the Secretary of Defence Representative in Europe under Donald Rumsfeld (2002-2007).  Brother Galbraith was the author of “Ambassador in Paris:  The Reagan Years” published in 1987.  Brother Galbraith was also the Chairman of the National Review published by his close friend William F. Buckley Jr.  In 1994, Brother Galbraith made a bid for the position of Governor of New York, but the nomination was won by George E. Pataki (Phi-Yale University) (Honorary).

January 22, 1935

The first Deke Pledge Handbook was produced at a cost of $524 for 1500 handbooks.  By October 1945, those handbooks were out of print and 2000 further copies were ordered to be available.

January 22, 1944

Arthur Giles Bishop (Omicron-University of Michigan) died this day at age 93.  Brother Bishop was instrumental in the development of General Motors Corporation.  He and other members of the community helped orchestrate the move of C.S. Mott and his company to Flint, Michigan in 1905.  Brother Bishop was a Director of the Buick Motor Company in 1905, and on the Board of Directors of General Motors from 1915 until his death.  Brother Bishop was the President of the Genesee County Savings Bank and, after 1933, was the Chairman of the Board of that Bank.  Bishop International Airport at Flint, Michigan is named in his honor, in view of the fact that he donated 220 acres for the original facility.

January 22, 1993

We acknowledge the outstanding basketball playing and coaching career of James “Jim” Pollard (Sigma Rho-Stanford University) who died this day at age 71.  In 1952, players who had performed in the NBA since its inception after the merging of the NBL and BAA selected Brother Pollard as the best player of the period.  Brother Pollard played with the Minneapolis Lakers (1947-1955) averaging 13.2 points per game, 7.8 rebounds, and 3.2 assists.  Brother Pollard was on the first All NBA Team (1949 and 1950) and on the second All NBA Team (1952 and 1954).  The Minneapolis Lakers were five times NBA Champions (1949, 1952 and 1952-1954).  After retiring, Brother Pollard coached the LaSalle University Men’s Basketball Team for three seasons, compiling a record of 48-28.  Later, Brother Pollard coached the Minneapolis Lakers (1960), the Chicago Packers (1961-1962), the Minneapolis Muskies of the American Basketball Association (1967-1968) and The Floridians of the ABA (1968-1969).  Brother Pollard was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame (1978), and also has been inducted into the Bay Area Hall of Fame, the Stanford Hall of Fame, and the PAC-10 Hall of Honors.

January 23, 1879

The New England Alumni Association was formed.  John D. Long (Alpha - Harvard College) who was then the Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts and was later the Governor and the Secretary of the Navy was the guest speaker at the first meeting on the Association. For decades, prominent Dekes were members or officers of the Association. In 1890, Henry Cabot Lodge (Alpha-Harvard University) served as Vice President of the Association.

January 23, 1946

Rear Admiral Sidney Souers (Kappa-Miami University) was appointed by President Truman as the first director of the Central Intelligence Agency.  Brother Souers served in that capacity to June 10, 1946.  As Deputy Director of Naval Intelligence, Rear Admiral Souers had written the intelligence chapter of the Eberstadt Report which advocated a unified intelligence system.  Brother Souers served as Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (1947-1950), and as a Special Consultant to the President on military and foreign affairs (1950-1953).  Brother Souers died in January 1973, at age 80.  Established as a memorial to Brother Souers, the Rear Admiral Sidney Souers Award is made annually by the Miami University Alumni Association in conjunction with the MROTC Unit to alumni of the MROTC Unit who have demonstrated continued excellence throughout a distinguished military and/or civilian career in their chosen field of endeavor.  The award has been presented each year since 1978.

January 23, 1973

Sigma Phi Chapter is founded at Villanova University as the first Chapter of DKE at a Catholic University.

January 23, 2013

The University of Minnesota announced that $7 million would be dedicated to make changes to the course and the clubhouse at the Les Bolstad Golf Course which is owned by the University and located at Falcon Heights, Minnesota on the St. Paul Campus of the University.  The course was named to honor Les Bolstad (Phi Epsilon-University of Minnesota), the long-time golf coach at the University.  In 1926, at age 18, Brother Bolstad won the National Public Links Championship and, in 1927, won the Big Ten Championship.  Brother Bolstad coached the Minnesota Gophers from 1947 to 1976.  In his book, “Golfing the Les Bolstad Way”, author Robert Hustrulid quoted Minnesota business tycoon Harvey Mackay as stating:  “Like all great coaches and teachers, Les did not teach golf.  He taught life.  If you learned a little golf on the side, well so much the better.  Like going fishing.  If you catch a fish, it’s a bonus.  You’re there to savor the experience.”

January 24, 1961

Angier Biddle Duke (Phi-Yale University) is appointed as Chief of Protocol for the United States Department of State with the rank of Ambassador.  He held that position in the Johnson Administration until January 20, 1965 and again between April 1, 1968 and September 26 1968.  Previously, Brother Duke had served as the United States Ambassador to El Salvador (1952-1953).  At age 36, Brother Duke was the youngest person to that point to be appointed as a United States Ambassador.  He subsequently served as United States Ambassador to Spain (1965-1967), to Denmark (1968-1969), and to Morocco (1979-1981).  His father, Angier Buchanan Duke was an heir to the American Tobacco Company fortune, and his paternal grandfather, Benjamin Newton Duke (1855-1929) was a major benefactor of Duke University. Brother Duke lobbied extensively with the administration of the University to assist in the establishment of our Epsilon Rho Chapter at the university.

January 25, 1883

The Delta Kappa Epsilon Quarterly is born. The January 12, 1883 message to chapters from the Council stated that: “Mr. Whitelaw Reid, of the New York Tribune, will be our advisor in matters of form, makeup, etc., besides being a contributor to the first number, which will contain, in addition to minor articles:  (1) full page vignette in colors of the arms of our fraternity as revised by the last convention.  (2) Poem “Our Escutcheon”, contributed by an old graduate.  (3) An article by Mr. Whitelaw Reid.  (4) A full account of the proceedings of the last Convention, so far as proper to be published, with account of public exercises, extracts from the address and poem, and account of Fraternity dinner.  (5) Minor articles.  (6) Editorials.  (7) Chapter Letters – giving full account of condition and doings of each Chapter with note of triumphs etc. for year past.  (Never has any Fraternity made such an exhibit of wonderful prosperity as will ours in this department of the last number.)  (8) Review of Greek letter press, which will give account of publications and doings of all the principal fraternities other than our own.  (9) Graduate personnel – giving – arranged by Chapters – notes as to success in life of our graduates.  (10) New Initiate List – giving, arranged by Chapters, name, class, etc. of all initiates since January 1, 1882 The cost would be $1.00 for each volume”. Despite the fact that it was called the Quarterly, only 3 issues were initially published each year. The name of the publication was changed to The Deke Quarterly in 1947.

January 25, 1922

We salute the contribution made to public service and to the banking industry of A. Barton Hepburn (Alpha Alpha-Middlebury College) who died this day at age 76.  Brother Hepburn served as United States Comptroller of the Currency (1892-1893).  Brother Hepburn had previously served as the Superintendent of Banking for the State of New York and the National Bank Examiner for the Cities of New York and Brooklyn before his appointment as Comptroller.  After leaving the office of Comptroller, Brother Hepburn became the President of the Third National Bank of New York, the Vice-President of the National City Bank (1897), and the President of the Chase National Bank.  In 1906, Brother Hepburn was given an honorary degree at St. Lawrence University.  Hepburn Hall which houses the government and economics building at St. Lawrence University is named in his honor. The building was dedicated in 1926 by Marie Curie.  The Claxton-Hepburn Medical Centre in Ogdensburg, New York, was also named in his honor and memory.

January 25, 1983

C. Allan MacDonald (Delta Chi-Cornell University) was appointed as President and Chief Executive Officer at Nestlé Foods Corporation.  After graduating in Hotel Administration from Cornell University, Brother MacDonald went to work for Stouffer Foods where he rose to the position of President and Chief Executive Officer and served in that capacity between 1972 and 1982.  Brother MacDonald is now an operating partner and member of the Advisory Council of The Dellacorte Group which is a private equity firm specializing in investments in middle market companies.